Arunachal Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India and is the northeastern-most state of the country. To the North of Arunachal Pradesh is China with a disputed McMohan Line which China rejects. To the South are the states of Assam and Nagaland (the states which also feature separatist movements). To the West is the international border with Bhutan and Eash connects with Myanmar.
With literacy rate having more than 66.95% and being 27th largely populated state in India, Hinduism constitutes only about 29% of the total population whereas Hindi speakers are no more than 7.3%.
China terms Arunachal Pradesh as under illegal Indian occupation of three areas; China’s Tibet: Moyul, Loyul and Lower Tsoyul. In 2015, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited Arunachal Pradesh, prompting strong reaction from Chinese. The Beijing ministry spokesman Hua Chunying then said, “The so-called “Arunachal Pradesh” was established largely on the three areas of China’s Tibet — Monyul, Loyul and Lower Tsayul currently under Indian illegal occupation. We demand the Indian side not to take any action that may complicate the border issue before its resolution so as to maintain the sound momentum in the growth of bilateral relations.”
None of the successive Chinese governments have ever recognised this line. In February 1987, Indian authorities declared the founding of the so-called “Arunachal Pradesh”. Arunachal Pradesh has never been a part of India. The McMohan Line which separates China from Indian-occupied Arunachal Pradesh was discarded by China in 1914 Simla Convention. It was signed by McMohan and Lonchen Satra on behalf of Tibetan government but China rejected the Simla Accord, contending that Tibet was not a sovereign state and therefore did not have the power to conclude treaties. The 14th Dalai Lama also did not recognize India’s sovereignty over Arunachal Pradesh and cosidered it a part of Tibet but much of the India’s lobbying prompted him in 2008 to recognize Arunachal Pradesh as a part of India, much like a lobbying which pushed Maharaja Hari Singh in case of Kashmir.
India has since its emergence laid eyes on the resources and have occupied several territories including Indian-Occupied Jammu Kashmir. The Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh has a mega dam 10,000-mega watt project. It is estimated to be 300-metre-high dam-the biggest ever in India. The state will benefit through its 12% free power share that comes to about Rs 2,400 crores per annum as revenue. Another Rs 200 crores per annum will be added through its 1% free power share. However, indigenous communities in the region have vehemently opposed the project, saying it will swallow large tracts of farm land and that they will not allow the sacred waters to flow from tunnels.
Much like building dams in Jammu Kashmir to impose water aggression on Pakistan, India in its lust to mining resources is forgetting its core issues including the Farmer Suicice crisis.
India’s racist attitude toward North-Eastern states to not only Arunachan Pradesh but Assam, Nagaland, Manipur and Sikkim is if not well-documented by global media but is very well understood by the people of states. The locals have for numerous times complained about severe violent activities of RSS activists, beating people for eating beef, which is a normal food for North-eastern states of India. The people and the infrastructure of Arunachal Pradesh in its physical and background characteristics have no resemblence whatsoever with India. The state of Arunachal Pradesh has recently called for a separate timezone than that of India’s. The fact that Arunachal Pradesh people have since the beginning always deprived of their fundamental rights and political isolation led to numerous armed struggles in the state, seeking separation from India, some either to an indegenous status, other wanting a merger with China. The most notable of such organizations is The Arunachal Dragon Force (ADF) which is also known as East Indian Liberation Front (ILF).
In India today, more than 100 Separatist Movement are present. So called biggest democracy failed to give basic rights to its own citizens. Arunachal Pradesh – The land of the rising sun – is struggling to seek the sun of freedom – from an illegal Indian occupation.